Lucknow, which is also known as The City of Nawabs, where people are free from the bondage of caste, religion and community, live happily with mutual brotherhood, and want to advance their City of Nawabs as a developed city with time. As the people here started treating this city like their family, the facilities for the people in this city started to develop. Everything is available in Lucknow today and what is unavailable, will be available in the coming time, like, Modern Hospitals, Cricket Stadium, IT City, University, Metro, Park, Auditorium, Science City, Night Club, High Altitude Buildings, Delicious Restaurants, Big Coaching Centres for competitive exams like IAS, PCS, IIT, PMT and CAT, Airport, Expressway, Zoo, High court, Taxi services like Ola, Uber, all the facilities are available in this city and Lucknow is becoming modern with these resources. Earlier all these facilities used to be in big cities like Noida and Ghaziabad. This city is known all over the world for its respect and etiquette. Not only this, Lucknow is particularly known for its taste.
To know why Lucknow was so far behind, you need to know its history. Just as to know the history of a man, we need to know the history of his ancestors, similarly to know the history of a city; we need to understand its heritage and legacy.
This was the time when Ayodhya used to be the capital of Kaushal region. 150 km from here, there used to be an ashram of saints and sages on the banks of river Gomti. Like Banaras is famous all over the world by the name of Kashi, the abode of saints and sages, temples and river banks, similarly, people know Lucknow by the name of Choti Kashi. The then Awadh King Purushottam Lord Sri Rama gave the entire land to his younger brother Lakshmana and named this place Lakshmanpura. But when we read its history further, it is known that it became Lakhnavati after the name of the wife of 12th century King Lakhan. But when it was chosen as the capital by the Nawabs in the 18th century, it was changed to Lucknow. Laxman Tila, Kaundilya Rishi Ashram, Kudia Ghat are still preserved as mythological sites.
The history of the Nawabs in Awadh begins from 1722, when Saadat Ali Khan established the Awadh dynasty, he was appointed to rule Awadh on behalf of the Mughal Sultanate in Delhi. Wajid Ali Shah is considered the last Nawab of Awadh. The British had already thought of occupying the whole of Awadh, everyone wanted to take possession of Awadh. One of these was the European Empire, the European Empire wanted to take complete control of Awadh in any way. European Empire with the same thought partnered with Mughal rulers to fight the Battle of Buxar in 1764 against British East India. This war went on for several days and eventually the European Empire won this battle, but their desire to occupy Awadh remained unfulfilled. In this unfulfilled desire to occupy Awadh, the European Empire invaded Awadh many times, in which they were successful to some extent but their desire remained unfulfilled. Awadh faced many attacks from the British Empire with patience. Awadh went toe-to-toe against British in the revolution of 1857. Awadh fought against the British till the end of imperialism and it never bowed down to them.
It is said that after the death of Nawab Amjad Ali Shah on 13 February 1847, Wajid Ali Shah became the Nawab of Awadh. Wajid Ali Shah was counted among the brave and the Nawab who never bowed before the British. When Wajid Ali Shah became the Nawab of Awadh in 1856, he refused to accept the subjugation of the British rule. A revolution began in 1857 when Wajid Ali Shah refused to bow down to the British. The British arrested Wajid Ali Shah. This revolution was started from Delhi and gradually this revolution was spreading like a fire all over India. When the British imprisoned Wajid Ali Shah, there was a feeling of fear towards the British; the people here started waiting for Wajid Ali Shah to come back, when they felt that the British will not set free Wajid Ali Shah from their captivity. Begum Hazrat Mahal, wife of Wajid Ali Shah, took charge of Awadh. At this time people here had anger towards the British. Begum Hazrat Mahal urged the people here to take part in this fight and this request was accepted by the public and Begum Hazrat Mahal declared her son Birjis Kadra as the Nawab of Awadh. Now she was completely bent on fighting the British. Without any discrimination, both Hindus and Muslims went out to take on the British simultaneously. Begum Hazrat Mahal herself was leading the army against the British. In the battle of Alambagh, Birjis Kadra rode on an elephant and fought the enemy. After this, his army defeated the British badly in the fight of Chinhat and Dilkusha.
This fight between the British and Awadh army continued like this and finally the British captured Lucknow. Due to this Begum Hazrat Mahal had to leave Lucknow. Despite all this, the Awadh army did not kneel before the British and they together with the cleric of Faizabad, continued the rebellion against the British government. Soon the British managed to suppress the rebellion everywhere. The Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar, who led the Ghadar in Delhi, was forced by the British to leave the Red Fort and was taken captive. With this, the battle of Awadh was almost over and Begum Hazrat Mahal moved away from here to Nepal, where he died after nearly 30 years. Eventually, the revolution of 1857 ended; despite that the British were able to completely occupy Awadh by 7 January 1859.
Facts about Lucknow that will make you feel proud to be a Lucknowite:
- Lucknow has the highest number of Shia Muslims in any state of the country.
- Rumi Darwaza is called so because it was built by the architect of Rome.
- In 1857, the British made the largest cantonment in Lucknow.
- The Bada Imambara Hall without pillars is the largest hall in Asia. It was built by 22000 labourers.
- The University of Lucknow is inspired by the European Architecture.
- Chikankari in Lucknow is a 400 year old genre and Lucknow is known all over the world for Chikan.
- Lucknow Zoo was called Banarsi Bagh, it is the oldest zoo in the country and it was established in 1921.
- Charbagh is the busiest and beautiful railway station in India.
- The Bada Imambara and the Chota Imambara are a mixed form of Mughal and Turkish architects.
Historical Heritage of Nawabi City: The Bhool Bhulaiya located in Bada Imambara of Lucknow is famous all over the world. This historic heritage of Lucknow was built in the year 1784 by Nawab Asif Uddaula. The story of construction of this historic building is also very interesting. It is believed that the Nawab built this historic building to provide employment and help to the people troubled by the terrible famine that came during that period. The Rumi Gate was constructed under the famine relief project on the lines of the maze. This symbol of Awadh’s architecture is also known as Turkish Gateway. Sixty feet high this building seems to tell the story of the architectural grandeur of Awadh.